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FDA finds lead in 400 shades of lipstick - 2/19/2012 12:56:30 PM   
michaelisin4u

 

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Wed Feb 15, 10:27 AM

FDA finds lead in 400 shades of lipstick
Angela Mulholland | CTVNewsca


PHOTO A new analysis by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has found that 400 shades of lipstick from such well-known brands as L'Oreal and Cover Girl contain trace amounts of lead. (AP / Alberto Pellaschiar)


You might be applying more than a little colour when you next put on your lipstick.

A new analysis by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has found that 400 shades of lipstick from such well-known brands as L'Oreal and Cover Girl contain trace amounts of lead.

The worst offenders were Maybelline's Color Sensation in Pink Petal, which had 7.19 parts of lead per million (ppm). , L'Oreal Colour Riche in Volcanic had 7 ppm.

That's almost seven times the average level of 1.11 ppm found in the FDA tests. Several other brands, including Cover Girl and Nars had lead levels in the 4 to 5 ppm range. Here's the full list of the FDA's findings.

Still, all the lipsticks contained lead levels that the FDA insists are safe.

"Our results do not show levels of lead in lipstick that would pose a safety concern," the agency says on its website, where it posted the results back in December.


But some disagree.


The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics has been pushing the U.S. government to set limits on lead in cosmetics. The group also wants the FDA to study whether there are dangers to having lead-containing lipstick applied to human lips, where the neurotoxin can enter the mouth and be swallowed.


The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics' Dr. Mark Mitchell says there are concerns about ingesting small amounts of lead over time.

"Lead builds up in the body over time and lead-containing lipstick applied several times a day, every day, can add up to significant exposure levels," he said in a statement.

The FDA says there is no need to be concerned.

"Lipstick, as a product intended for topical use with limited absorption, is ingested only in very small quantities," the agency says on its website.

"The lead levels we found are within the limits recommended by other public health authorities."

The Personal Care Products Council, the trade group that represents the cosmetics industry, also says there is no reason for concern.

Halyna Breslawec, the group's chief scientist, told The Washington Post that many of the colour additives in lipstick are mineral-based and therefore contain trace levels of lead that are found naturally in soil and water.

Just the same, she said her group would like the FDA to set a 10 ppm limit on lead in cosmetics

Here in Canada, Health Canada's Natural Health Products Directorate limits lead in products applied to the skin to 10 ppm

The FDA says it's considering establishing a limit.

"Although we do not believe that the lead content found in our recent lipstick analyses poses a safety concern, we are evaluating whether there may be a need to recommend an upper limit for lead in lipstick in order to further protect the health and welfare of consumers," the agency says.


In Canada, the amount of lead allowed in products depends on the product.

The Drinking Water Guidelines in Canada limit the lead content in water to 0.010 ppm of water, for example. In candy, the FDA has established an acceptable oral intake of lead impurities at 0.1 ppm, whereas in nutritional supplements, the limit is 10 ppm.

Paint, which once contained between 400,000 and 70,000 parts per million of lead, is currently allowed to have no more than 600 ppm in the U.S.

http://m.ctv.ca/topstories/20120215/lead-lipstick-fda-cosmetics-120215.html

< Message edited by michaelisin4u -- 2/20/2012 12:37:31 PM >
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RE: FDA finds lead in 400 shades of lipstick - 2/20/2012 8:34:22 AM   
michaelisin4u

 

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400 shades of lipstick found to contain lead, FDA says

By Dina ElBoghdady

A recent federal analysis showing that 400 shades of popular lipstick contained trace amounts of lead has exacerbated an ongoing dispute between regulators and consumer activists over how much lead is safe in cosmetics.

Five lipsticks made by L’Oreal and Maybelline, owned by L’Oreal USA, ranked among the top 10 most contaminated of the cosmetics, according to testing by the Food and Drug Administration. Two Cover Girl and two NARS lipsticks also landed in the top 10, as did one made by Stargazer.

For years, the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics has been pushing the government to set limits for lead levels in lipstick. The FDA has resisted, insisting that the amounts detected in various rounds of testing do not pose safety risks. But in a letter to the agency this month, the consumer group said that federal regulators have no scientific basis for this conclusion and it pressed the government to take action.

(Related: See the list of the lipsticks that contain the most lead)

Reports of lead in lipstick date to the 1990s, and have resurfaced periodically since then. In 2007, the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics tested 33 red lipsticks and found that two-thirds of them contained lead — and that one-third exceeded the FDA’s limit for lead in candy. The FDA followed up in 2008 with its own tests on 20 lipsticks and expanded its analysis to include 400 lipstick shades in the most recent study.

But the agency, which posted its latest findings on its Web site in December, said that comparing lipstick to candy is unfair.

“It is not scientifically valid to equate the risk to consumers presented by lead levels in candy, a product intended for ingestion, with that associated with lead levels in lipstick, a product intended for topical use and ingested in much smaller quantities than candy,” the FDA said in its online comments.

The Personal Care Products Council, a trade group that represents the cosmetics industry, agreed with the FDA’s assessment.

Halyna Breslawec, the council’s chief scientist, said her group has petitioned the agency to limit the amount of lead allowed in cosmetics. The consensus on what that limit should be — 10 parts per million, Breslawec said — is higher than the levels detected by the two rounds of FDA testing and is in line with proposals in Canada and Germany.

The FDA is evaluating whether it should recommend an upper limit.

Breslawec said that lead is not intentionally put in lipstick or any other cosmetic but that many color additives approved by the FDA are mineral-based and therefore contain trace levels of lead that is naturally found in soil, water and air.

But determining the true safety level for lead in cosmetics remains the stumbling block. The FDA’s most recent analysis found the highest lead concentration — 7.19 parts per million — in Maybelline’s Color Sensational Pink Petal lipstick. But the average lead contamination in the 400 lipsticks it tested last year was 1.11 parts per million, very close to the average from the agency’s 2008 analysis.

The FDA, which hired a private laboratory to do the testing, selected lipsticks based on the parent company’s market share, although it also included a few brands from niche markets.

“We do not consider the lead levels we found in the lipsticks to be a safety concern,” the FDA said in its online comments. “The lead levels we found are within the limits recommended by other public health authorities for lead in cosmetics.”

The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics has a different take on the results.

The lead content in Maybelline’s Pink Petal is more than twice as high as levels found in the previous FDA report and more than 275 times the level found in the least-contaminated product in the recent report, the group wrote in a letter to the agency this month.

The least-contaminated product — Wet ’n’ Wild Mega Mixers Lip Balm — was also the least expensive, the group said in a separate statement, “demonstrating that price is not an indicator of good manufacturing practices.”

The group cited federal research that concluded that there’s no safe level of lead exposure for children, and experts stressed the need to shield children and pregnant women from exposure.

“Lead builds in the body over time, and lead-containing lipstick applied several times a day, every day, can add up to significant exposure levels,” Mark Mitchell, co-chairman of the Environmental Health Task Force for the National Medical Association, said in the group’s statement.

California, a trailblazer when it comes to lead regulation, has grappled with this issue.

In 2008, after reports on lead in lipsticks resurfaced, the state attorney general’s office examined whether cosmetics firms had run afoul of a California law that requires businesses to provide a reasonable warning if they knowingly expose consumers to chemicals that can cause cancer or reproductive harm.

The state concluded, based on public data, that the concentration of lead in lipsticks was too low to trigger the law. The duty to warn consumers would not arise until the lead concentration reached five parts per million, the state said.

In the FDA’s study, the overwhelming majority of the lipsticks fell below that threshold. But two exceeded it — Maybelline’s Pink Petal and L’Oreal’s Colour Riche Volcanic. The California attorney general’s office has taken no further action.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/400-lipstick-brands-contain-lead-fda-says/2012/02/14/gIQAhOyeDR_story.html?tid=pm_pop

(in reply to michaelisin4u)
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RE: FDA finds lead in 400 shades of lipstick - 2/20/2012 8:37:24 AM   
michaelisin4u

 

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Posted at 01:09 PM ET, 02/14/2012
Lead in lipsticks: Which brands are the worst offenders?

By Sarah Halzack

A new study from the Food and Drug Administration may have you thinking twice about your morning make-up routine. As The Post’s Dina ElBoghdady reports, four hundred types of lipstick were found to contain lead.

Here is a list of the 10 brands and shades that contain the most lead, according the FDA’s study. A full analysis of all 400 varieties is available here.

1. Maybelline’s Color Sensation in Pink Petal. (Lead content: 7.19 ppm)

2. L’Oreal Colour Riche in Volcanic. (Lead content: 7.00 ppm)

3. NARS Semi-Matte in Red Lizard. (Lead content: 4.93 ppm)

4. Cover Girl Queen Collection Vibrant Hues Color in Ruby Remix (Lead content: 4.92 ppm)

5. NARS Semi-Matte in Funny Face. (Lead content: 4.89)

6. L’Oreal Colour Rich in Tickled Pink. (Lead content: 4.45)

7. L’Oreal Intensely Moisturizing Lipcolor in Heroic. (Lead content: 4.41)

8. Cover Girl Continuous Color in Warm Brick. (Lead content: 4.28)

9. Maybelline Color Sensational in Mauve Me. (Lead content: 4.23)

10. Stargazer lipstick in shade “c.” (Lead content: 4.12)


Is your brand on the list? Will you reconsider what lipstick you wear or how frequently you wear it as a result of the study? Tell us in the comments section.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-checkup/post/lead-in-lipsticks-which-brands-are-the-worst-offenders/2012/02/14/gIQAfNkiDR_blog.html

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